At the time Garibaldi was born (we are in the first decade of 1800 ) the italien peninsula was split under a multitude of small independent states. A strong national sentiment lived nevertheless in the Italian's souls.
Some insurrectional and republican movements started in 1820 up to 1831. Garibaldi, like mostly of his génération, had built up the conscience of a national unity, ground since the split of the Roman Empire.
For Garibaldi, the Mazzini's thèses to unify Italy (Mazzini was, as matter of fact, the other great Joseph of the italian risorgimental épopée), look like the directe conséquence of Barrault's ideas, initial moment of the rédemption of all reprimed people.
This last voyage changes Garibaldi's life; in his mémories, he writes:« Christophore Colomb didn't certainly feel pas as satisfactied déscovering lAmérica as I felt finding someone who was engaged on the rédemption of our italic country».
The officiel historiography wants Giuseppe Garibaldi meeting Giuseppe Mazzini in 1833 à Marseille where he jointed The " Giovine Italia" (The Young Italy), the political secrèt Mazzini 's association whose objectif was to transform Italy into a démocratique unitaire république, without the king of Tourin, and without the Pope of Rome, making the etèrnal town the capital of the new republican state.
In his quality of mariner, Garibaldi must face five year military service in the royal sardinian navy; he joined on décembre 1833. Respecting the tradition, he adoptes as nick name Cléombrote, greek héro from Sparte.
Within his friends Edoardo Mutru and Marco Pes, he tries to make some prosélytist for the cause, risking on the front of the police. As matter of fact the three friends are foresigned to the police by whom they are surveilled ; Mutru and Garibaldi are moved on the ship Comte de Geneys, the 3rd of fébruary; the ship is on the edge to départ with destination Brésil.
In order to understand these évents, we need to remind that Mazzini and the Jeune Italie, were controled by the king of Sardinia and by his own governement, because of their républicain ideas.
Nevertheless Garibaldi, for the sake of the liberty of his people, will renounce the républicain idéals, becoming the king of Sardinia's friend and of his premier count Camile de Cavour, the others great autors of the italien Unification with Mazzini and our héro Garibaldi.
...to be continued...