Nobody knows were chess come from. Some say from India, others from China.
What seems for sure is that chess spread in Europe through the Muslim's conquest of south territories. Among the first best players, in modern times, are remembered the italian Gioacchino Greco, the french Philidor and the spanish churchman De Lucena.
The current rules are the result af a complex evolution made overall for quicking the game.
The first official tournament was held in England in the second half of the 19th century.
Generally speaking the strongest palyers seem to be Indians and Chinese players, though in the last fifty years the world's championship has been won by northamericans and russian players (Bobby Fisher and Gary Kasparov are may be the best known players in the public opinion).
There are millions of players all lver the world and the world champion on charge come s from Norway.
May be Chess will be included in the Olympic games since the next edition.
Wherever it comes from thanks to our ancestrors, whoever they might be, who grand manhood with a great, clever and enjoyable game.